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Bawabat Makkah

Makkah, Saudi Arabia

About Bawabat Makkah

Provided engineering services during the masterplanning of an 800,000 population addition to the City of Makkah on 83 square kilometers. The sustainable engineering designs included all grading, drainage, water sewer and dry utilities.
  • 800,000 population addition to the City of Makkah on 83 square kilometers.
  • Compact urban form designed by DPZ for compact, walkable neighborhood structure.
  • Gravity flow is key for both drainage and wastewater collection – no pumps.
  • Green Infrastructure techniques whenever possible to reduce needs for pipes and large channels.
  • Recycling of wastewater reduces potable water use by 50% and provides abundant irrigation water.
  • Rainwater harvesting streets reduce runoff rates, recharge the aquifer, provide livable public realm, and save money.
  • Planning began in 2011, construction began in 2013.


Tremendous growth demands in a water-scarce environment. Low annual rainfall, but intense micro-bursts. Historical groundwater depletions.


Integrated green infrastructure on a regional scale that mandates distributed solutions that reduce overall usage, solve drainage issues, provide for irrigation water, replenish the aquifer, cost less; all in support of a compact, walkable urban form.

Project Images

Location: Makkah, Saudi Arabia
Categories: Land Development Planning and Engineering
Features: Form-based Code, Green Infrastructure, Rainwater Harvesting Streets, Regional Plan, Smart Code, Traditional Neighborhood Development
Year Started: 2011
Size: 83 Square Kilometers
Client: Bawabat Makkah Company
Partners: DPZ Partners

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